Network Science

In information science, a network is a complex data structure consisting of nodes and links. Nodes represent entities of different kinds, such as people, proteins, infrastructures, organizations, and more. Links connect these nodes through various relationships, such as social media friendships, donation flow between organizations, citation links between authors in historical literature, and more. Network science investigates the properties and patterns that characterize networks and develops new models of information networks and computational metrics for analyzing them. Applied network science focuses on implementing the developed models and metrics to data in different domains to answer various questions, such as: What is the distance between two nodes in a network? How does information flow through the network? Which are the most significant nodes in a network?